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My favourite Bach composition.

The Toccata and Fugue in D minor, BWV 565, is a piece of organ music composed by Johann Sebastian Bach sometime between 1703 and 1707. It is one of the most famous works in the organ repertoire, and has been used in a variety of popular media ranging from film, to video games, to rock music, and ringtones.

As indicated by the accepted title of the piece, the Toccata and Fugue is scored in D minor. It is not in dorian mode as the key signature supposes, as it was common practice in the Baroque period to write in leading tone accidentals rather than in the key signature. It begins with a single-voice flourish in the upper ranges of the keyboard, doubled at the octave. It then spirals toward the bottom, where a diminished seventh chord appears, built one note at a time. This resolves into a D major chord, taken from the parallel major mode.

The subject of the four-voice fugue is made up entirely of sixteenth notes, with an implied pedal point set against a brief melodic subject that first falls, then rises. The second entry starts in the sub-dominant key rather than the dominant key. Although unusual for a Bach fugue, this is a real answer and is appropriate following a subject that progresses from V to I and then to V below I by a leap. A straightforward dominant answer would sound atonal and odd in a Baroque piece.

After the final entry of the fugal melody, the composition resolves to the key's corresponding major, B-flat, that is held. From there, a coda is played as a cadenza much like the Toccata itself, resolving to a series of chords followed by arpeggios that progress to other paired chords, each a little lower than the one preceding, leading to the signature finale that is as recognizable as the Toccata's introduction.


Toccata und Fuge in allen Variationen

<span class="long-title yt-uix-expander-head" dir="ltr" title="Lionel Rogg auf der Silbermannorgel im Arlesheimer Dom">Lionel Rogg auf der Silbermannorgel im Arlesheimer Dom</span>

Karl Richter spielt die TOCCATA UND FUGE D MOLL BWV 565 von J S Bach

Hans-Andre Stamm interpretiert Bach auf der Trost-Orgel der Stadtkirche in Waltershausen im Freistaat Thüringen (D)

don't know who performed this, but it's by far the best recording I've ever heard!!

Orgel der Basilika in Leżajsk
siehe in Wikipedia

Vanessa-Mae plays with her acoustic violin, by the Bratislava Radio Symphony Orchestra

Cuarteto Trombones de Costa Rica

live gespielt auf der Wersi Spectra

California Guitar Trio plays Bach's Toccata and Fugue in D minor

Barbara Dennerlein mit einer Jazz-Version auf einer Hammond B3

Transcribed for Solo violin and played by Andrew Manze

Keiichiro Shozu - Classical Bandoneon

played on glass harp (musical glasses) by robert Tiso

Leopold Stokowski leads the Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra, Recorded 1927


David Garrett - Rock Symphonies Tour - 3. November 2010 Berlin

Jacques Loussier's Bach to Bach Trio

by Phillip Hii, Classical guitar challenge

Bach's most famous organ piece, with a bar-graph score.


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  Toccata and Fugue


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Toccata et Fuga (BWV 565) >>

Johann Sebastian Bach
(1685 - 1750)